Purpose: This study sought to assess attitudes, mutual perceptions, and knowledge of each other’s professional roles as obtained from occupational therapy (OT) and physiotherapy (PT) students.
Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out among OT and PT students in a Nigerian university. Fifty-six copies of a revised questionnaire were used as the survey instrument, all of which were returned fully completed. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation, frequencies, and inferential statistics of chi-square tests. Alpha level was set at p<0.05.
Results: Fewer PT students (16.7%) demonstrated good knowledge of the scope of OT, while 64.3% of OT students showed good knowledge of PT. There was a 100% positive attitude from both sets of students towards each other’s profession. 11.9% of the PT and 28.6% of the OT students perceived the two professions as being in direct competition. There was a significant difference between the PT and OT students surveyed in the knowledge of the other profession (χ2 = 11.842, p = 0.001).
Conclusion: More OT students were familiar with PT than PT students with OT. Both OT and PT students declared positive attitudes towards the other profession, with a minority in either group representing the view that the two professions are in direct competition.
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