Background. Sports betting has been shown to be escalating among youths in developing countries. However, there is still insufficient information on the predictors of sports betting among this particular social group. The aim of this study was to examine social predictors of sports betting among youths in Ilorin, Kwara State, North Central Nigeria. Material and methods. A cross-sectional community survey was conducted among 470 youths from Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Social predictors of sports betting (SPSB) were evaluated using a 23-item questionnaire consisting of three parts: Part I - socio-demographic variables (age, gender, employment status); Part II –items on sports betting engagement (SBE); and Part III - items on family influence, peer influence, and media influence. Frequency and percentage, the phi coefficient, and binary logistic regression were used for analyses. Results. The findings revealed a weak relationship between sports betting and family influence (=.218); a moderate relationship between sports betting and peer influence (=.523), and a moderate relationship between sports betting and media influence (=.559). Gender and employment status were significantly associated with sports betting (p < .05). Conclusion. The study showed that family influence, peer influence, media influence, and employment status were predictors of sports betting among Nigerian youths. Gambling regulatory bodies, parents, educators, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) should sensitize young people on the dangers of engaging in sports betting as a sustainable source of income.
Vasil S. General Definition of the Concept Sports. Journal of Physical Fitness, Medicine & Treatment in Sports 2018; 4: 555644.
Joel K. I., Dominic O. L. Youth awareness and employment potentials of sports in Ebute Metta Local Government Area of Lagos State. Journal of Human Kinetics and Sports Science 2021; 5(1): 72–82.
Nienaber M. The State of the online Sport Betting Industry in South Africa. Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa: University of Johannesburg, 2016.
Palmer C. Sports betting research: literature review. 2013. http://www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/170772/Sports_Betting_Literatur e_Review.pdf.
Gainsbury S. M., Russell A., Hing N., Wood R., Lubman D., Blasczynski A. How the internet is changing gambling: Findings from an Australian prevalence survey. Journal of Gambling Studies 2015; 31: 1–15.
Abel M., Cole S., Zia B. Debiasing on a roll: Changing gambling behavior through experiential learning. Policy Research Working Papers 2015; 7195: 187–202.
Ahaibwe T. O., Corti P. L., Mirian K., Mawejje J. Socio Economic Effects of Gambling: Evidence from Kampala City, Uganda. 2016. http://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.234554.
Nzama S. The contribution of sports betting to the South African gross domestic products. The School of Arts and Sciences. American University of Nigeria, 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/559.
NOIPolls. New poll reveals rising trend of gambling in Nigeria. 2017, https://noi-polls.com/new-poll-reveals-rising-trend-of-gambling-in-nigeria.
Oxford Economic Report. Economic Impact of Legalized Sport Betting. American Gaming Association. 2017 https://www.americangaming.org/resources/economic-impact-of-legalized sportsbetting/#:~:text=Legal%20sports%20betting%20operations%2C%20including,to%20US%20gross%20domestic%20product.
Olayinka A., Fageyinbo T. K. Football Betting in Nigeria. Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica 2015; 16(4): 46–63.
Oyeleke J. T., Ajibewa D., Adedayo O. Personality traits and cognitive distortions as predictors of pathological gambling among lottery gamblers in Ibadan Nigeria. International Journal of Social Science 2017; 11: 104–114.
Bookmaker. 100 Top bookmakers. 2020, https://www.top100bookmakers.com/ on Septem, 2020.
National Youth Policy. Definition of Youth. 2009, https://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Nigeria_2009_National_Youth_Policy.pdf on May, 2021.
News Agency of Nigeria (NAN). 60 million Nigeria between the ages 18 and 40 years. 2014, http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/top-news/165856-nigerians-spend-nl-8-billion-on-sports-betting-daily-nan-investigating.html.
Ayub K. M., Johnson S., Alexander B., Wakabala F. The Social- Economic Impact of sports betting on Ugandan Youths. Global Advanced Research Journal of Social Science 2016; 5(1): 020–026.
Ayandele O., Popoola O., Obosi A. C. Influence of demographic and psychological factors on attitudes toward sports betting among young adults in Southwest Nigeria. Journal of Gambling Studies 2020; 36(1): 343–354.
Deans E. G., Thomas S. L., Daube M., Derevensky J. The role of peer influences on the normalization of sports wagering: A qualitative study of Australian men. Addiction Research and Theory 2016; 25: 1–11.
Seidina I. Y., Afolabi S. O., Joel K. I., Okunloye R., Ameen S. K. Social Factors Influencing Sport Participation Among Secondary School Students in Oyo West Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. Journal of Physical Education & Health 2019; 8: 15–24.
Howe P. D. L., Vargas-Sa´enz A., Hulbert C. A., Boldero J. M. Predictors of gambling and problem gambling in Victoria, Australia. PLOS ONE 2019; 14: e0209277.
Welte J. W., Wieczorek W. F., Barnes G. M., Tidwell M. O. Multiple risk factors for frequent and problem gambling: Individual, social, and ecological. Journal of Applied Social Psychology 2006; 36: 1548–1568.
King D., Delfabbro P., Griffiths M. The convergence of gambling and digital media: Implications for gambling in young people. Journal of Gambling Studies 2010; 26(2): 175–187.
Australian Medical Association (AMA). Health effects of problem gambling – 2013, http://amam.com.au/position-statement/health-effects-problem-gambling.
Ayandele O., Oguntayo R., Olapegba O. P. Gambling characteristics and demographic differences as determinants of attitudes towards gambling among youths in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of Gambling Studies 2021; 47: 1–17.
Calado F., Griffiths M. D. Problem gambling worldwide: An update and systematic review of empirical research (2000–2015). Journal of Behavioral Addictions 2016; 5(4): 592–613.
Delfabbro P. H., Winefield A. H., Anderson S. Once a gambler – always a gambler? A longitudinal analysis of gambling patterns in young people making the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Journal of Gambling Studies 2009; 9: 151–163.
Cohem L, Manion L, Morrison K. Research Methods in Education. Eighth Edition. New York: Routledge, 2018.
Nworgu B. G. Educational Research: Basic issues and methodology. Second Edition. Enugu: University of Nigeria Trust, 2006.
Nwagu E. N., Agbeje O. S. Demographic and Statistical Methods in Health, Education and the Social Sciences. Enugu: Zion Press, 2017.
Ayandele O., Aramide O. K. Personality Traits Predicting Attitudes toward Sports-Betting among Youths in Ibadan, Nigeria. Academic Psychiatry 2019; 36(1): 64–79.
Stanley M. Predictor Variables of Online Sports Problem Gambling by College Fraternity Members. Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies. 2015, https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/dissertations/897.
Thomas S, Lewis S, Duong J, McLeod C. Sports betting marketing during sporting events: A stadium and broadcast census of Australian Football League matches’, Australian and New Zealand. Journal of Public Health 2012; 36: 145–152.
Thomas S. Parents and adolescents discuss gambling advertising: A qualitative study. Victoria, Australia: Victorian Responsible Gambling Foundation, 2014.
Lopez-Gonzalez H., Estévez A., Griffiths M. D. Can Positive Social Perception and Reduced Stigma be a Problem in Sports Betting? A Qualitative Focus Group Study with Spanish Sports Bettors Undergoing Treatment for Gambling Disorder. Journal of Gambling Studies 2019; 35: 571–585.
Temitope B. E. Patterns and prevalence of gambling behaviour among youths in south-west Nigeria: a case study of youths in Oyo and Ekiti State. British Journal of Psychology Research 2019; 7: 22–46.
Adebisi T., Alabi O., Arisukwu O., Asamu F. Gambling in Transition: Assessing Youth Narratives of Gambling in Nigeria. Journal of Gambling Studies 2021; 37(1): 59–82.
Gbemi O. O., Bimbo O. A., Ekpenyong E. U. The nexus between the increasing involvement of youth in betting games and unemployment: the Nigerian perspective. Journal of Humanities and Applied Social Sciences 2021; 3(3): 163–181.
Corney R., Davis J. The attractions and risks of internet gambling for women: A qualitative study. Journal of Gambling Studies 2010; 24: 121–139.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2023 Array